The crisis of chestnut production in Italy


It will be an autumn without chestnuts? The question, though provocative, is lawful if it is considered that the hot weather and drought this summer and the increasing prevalence of gall led to a drastic reduction in production of chestnuts and marroni.Una collection very lean with generalized decreases by 80% . A risk, in addition to providing the traditional and beloved Italian fruit of autumn, more than 700 000 hectares of forest throughout the country and more than 34-thousand farms. There are also fears for the fire hazard in the chestnut increasingly abandoned, because non-productive. To explore the topic, we interviewed Ivo Poli, president of City Castagno. What is the situation chestnut production for this year? “2012 will be remembered as a very difficult year for the chestnut. The Italian and European production is generally low and poor. The causes are mainly drought and the presence of gall that is damaging both the production and the vegetative state of the plant. ” What is the situation for the Torymus sinensis and biological pest control to gall? “Given the good results obtained by the University of Turin, biological control using the antagonist of the gall Torymus sinensis is now spreading throughout Italy, especially at the hands of servzi regional plant protection. Some regions have already arrived on the third or fourth year of the launch of Torymus and are already equipped with playing fields. Good experience in Emilia-Romagna and in the field of reproduction of Reggio Emilia has been insects sufficient to double the launches previsti.Per 2013 should be additional funding from the Ministry of Agriculture (in addition to those assigned to the regions) to be used the dissemination of biological and distribution of the parasitoid to interested bodies. This task should be entrusted to Chestnut City together with the Centre for Studies and disclosure of Marradi (Florence) and Castanea (chestnut European network). ” At what point is the research and evaluation on the basis of the guidelines set out in the table chain in shell – section chestnut held June 24, 2011 at Mipaaf? “The research is currently in the process of waiting for funding from the Mipaaf, but not completely stopped because the universities concerned, in particular Italy, continue to collect data and carry out research and experiments to make more effective anti-gall. ” What are the prospects for the sector castanicolo? “In the short term are not good, both for the development of products for the difficulty to understand the value of the Brussels European chestnut sativa as opposed to non-European and Chinese production that is invading the markets. Going forward it is considered possible a revival of chestnut Italian and European based primarily on quality products and taking into account that in Piemonte results are already positive in the fight against gall. “

Interview from